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Malware decoded: Check common types of malware impacting small businesses!

by Paul Petersen

Small businesses are simply not doing enough to prevent a security breach. Studies and data reveal that a large percentage of small & growing brands have suffered cyberattacks, and a chunk of them are related to malware. Malware refers to malicious software, which is used to cause a breach, for spying, or to steal data. There are varied kinds of malware, like ransomware and trojan horse, and in this post, we are decoding some of the common ones that are likely to cause damage to small businesses.

  1. Users are often tricked into installing ransomware, and the malware works by encrypting data or devices. The hacker will then ask for a ransom, typically paid through bitcoin, to offer a decryption key. However, there is no guarantee that the key will be eventually shared.
  2. True to the name, spyware refers to malware that’s meant to spy on user activities, and hackers may use the information in various ways. Spyware is often hidden and can be hard to detect, which is why device and network scans are so important.
  3. Trojan horse. Considered to be one of more threatening malware types, Trojan horsecomes off a legit app or program, but have malicious instructions. Once installed, Trojan horse continues to impact devices and systems. Trojan malware is often pushed through emails and infected websites.
  4. Most of us have come across websites that have too many ads, many of which are malicious or triggers the user to install an app or program. Adware can impact businesses severely, because people often end up clicking links and popups.
  5. Viruses and worms. These two malware types have been around for the longest time. For viruses to impact a system, the associated program must be run by the user, while worms can continue to impact one device or network after another. Both viruses and worms exploit system vulnerabilities.

Keeping malware at bay

Practicing safe browsing and training your employees on malware some of the basic steps that you can take to prevent malware attacks. Keep in mind that many employees still don’t know much about finding suspicious emails, social engineering and phishing, and unless they are trained and aware, you cannot expect to be entirely protected against malware. Malware can be detected through antispyware, antimalware, and antivirus software, so consider getting these installed on all networked devices.

Also, ensure that everyone within the company practices password protection measures.

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